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      11、如何报名?其中涉及笔试或上机单项成绩合格的情形有何规定?

      12、考生报名时如何缴纳报名考试费?

      13、考生是否必须通过第一(二、三)级,才能报考第二(三、四)级考试?

      14、考生是否必须通过考前培训才能报名参加考试?

      15、该考试成绩如何确定,考试合格有无相应证书?

      16、证书遗失、损坏后可以补办吗?

      17、有没有统一的考试大纲和辅导教材,如何购买?


1、为什么要举办全国计算机等级考试?

     随着计算机技术在我国各个领域的推广、普及,越来越多的人开始学习计算机,操作和应用计算机成为人们必须掌握的一种基本技能。许多单位部门已把掌握一定的计算机知识和应用技能作为干部录用、职务晋升、职称评定、上岗资格的重要依据之一。鉴于社会的客观需求,经原国家教委批准,原国家教委考试中心于1994年面向社会推出了“全国计算机等级考试”,其目的在于以考促学,向社会推广和普及计算机知识,也为用人部门录用和考核工作人员时提供一个统一、客观、公正的标准。

2、该考试是什么性质的考试?由什么机构组织实施?

    该考试是测试应试者计算机应用知识和能力的等级水平考试。

    全国计算机等级考试实行教育部考试中心、各省(自治区、直辖市)承办机构两级管理的体制。各省(自治区、直辖市)承办机构根据教育部考试中心有关规定在所属地区符合条件的单位设立考点。考点接收考生报名。

    为了保证考试的权威性,教育部考试中心聘请全国计算机理论、教学、应用方面的著名专家,组成全国计算机等级考试委员会,负责设计考试、审定考试大纲。

3、考试的等级如何划分?考试的要求是什么?

    (注意:以下说明仅适用于2002年上半年,2002年下半年考试科目和内容有较大调整,新大纲2002年考试结束后公开发行,届时本栏内容将更新。)

    一级考核应试者计算机基本知识和使用微机系统的初步能力。主要为从事文字、表格处理和常规信息检索、办公信息处理的人员设立的。它适合于社会一般人员、文秘人员、干部、管理人员。它要求应试者具有计算机的基础知识,掌握一种常用汉字输入方法,掌握字、表处理软件的使用方法,了解数据库应用系统的使用方法,初步了解计算机网络、因特网(INTERNET)及病毒防治常识,并达到一定的熟练程度。合格者能较顺利地从事政府机关、企事业单位,包括涉外和合、独资企业的文书、秘书和日常办公信息的计算机处理工作。

    二级考核应试者软、硬件基础知识和使用一种高级计算机程序设计语言(QBASIC、FORTRAN、PASCAL、C、FOXBASE+)编制程序、上机调试的能力。二级主要为从事计算机或数据库管理软件使用的人员考核而设立的。它要求应试者具有计算机、操作系统(DOS,WINDOWS)基础知识和使用,掌握基本数据结构和常用算法,熟悉算法描述工具--流程图的使用,熟练使用一种高级计算机程序设计语言或数据库语言编写、调试程序。合格者能从事计算机软件的一般应用和开发。

    三级分A、B类考试。三级A类考试要求考生具有计算机硬件及应用、软件及计算机网络与数据的基本知识,掌握数据结构、算法,熟悉掌握微机硬件系统组成、工作原理及微机测控应用的基本技术,具有用汇编语言编程(含上机调试)的能力。三级B类要求考生具有计算机软件及应用的基础知识;掌握数据结构、算法,并能熟练运用操作系统知识;掌握软件工程方法、具有应用软件开发的分析、设计初步能力;具有数据库基本知识、并熟悉数据库技术的应用;具有计算机网络的基本知识及计算机多媒体的应用知识;熟悉计算机在信息管理、数值计算和辅助设计应用领域中某一领域的应用;掌握计算机操作并具有C语言编程(含上机调试)能力。

    四级考核计算机应用项目或应用系统的分析和设计的必备能力。它要求应试者具有计算机应用的基础知识、计算机操作系统、软件工程和数据库系统的原理和应用知识,具有计算机系统结构、系统配置和性能评介的基础知识、计算机网络和通信的基础知识、计算机应用系统安全性和保密性知识。考试合格者能综合应用上述知识,并能从事应用项目(系统)开发,即具有项目分析、设计和实施能力。

    此外,教育部考试中心在北京、福建、河北等 十六个 省市面向当地干部、管理人员开考一级B类考试。该级别考试水平与一级相当,但考试内容更符合机关干部、企事业单位管理人员的需要,考试采用无纸化考试形式。考试分为DOSWINDOWS两个版本。要求考生具有计算机的基础知识(包括计算机网络的基本概念),了解微机系统的基本组成及DOSWINDOWS操作系统的基本功能及常用命令,初步掌握一种汉字输入方法及字处理软件的使用方法,具有计算机安全使用知识。DOS版考试中要求考生另外了解数据库应用系统的功能;WINDOWS版考试中,要求考生掌握OFFICE软件中的EXCEL电子表格软件的使用和INTERNET应用初步。两种版本中,任何一种考试合格者可获得一级合格证书,证书上注明“B类”字样。

4.标准如何制定?

    此项考试是根据社会需求,为经济建设服务设计的。其标准主要依据社会不同部门应用计算机的不同程度和需要、国内外计算机技术的发展情况以及中国计算机教育、教学和普及的现状而确定。考试具有中国特色。

5、该考试采取什么方式考试?

    考试包括笔试、上机操作考试两部分,笔试和上机考试分别进行。一级B类实行无纸化考试,全部在计算机上考试,时间90分钟。

6、2002年上、下半年考试的开考等级,以及笔试、上机时间有何规定?

    2002年上半年开考等级(类别)如下,笔试开始时间仍为北京时间9:00

等级(类别)

笔试时间

上机时间

一级(DOS版)

90

45

一级(WINDOWS版)

90

45

一级B(DOS版)

90

一级B(WINDOWS版)

90

二级(QBASIC)

120

60

二级(FORTRAN)

120

60

二级(PASCAL)

120

60

二级(C)

120

60

二级(FOXBASE)

120

60

三级A

120

60

三级B

120

60

 

    2002年下半年开考等级(类别)如下,笔试开始时间仍为北京时间9:00

等级(类别)

笔试时间

上机时间

一级

90

60

一级B(WINDOWS环境)

90

二级(QBASIC)

120

60

二级(FORTRAN)

120

60

二级(C)

120

60

二级(FOXBASE)

120

60

二级(VISUAL BASIC)

90

90

二级(VISUAL FOXPRO)

90

90

三级(PC技术)

120

60

三级(信息管理技术)

120

60

三级(网络技术)

120

60

三级(数据库技术)

120

60

四级

180

60

    (注:此表为科目设置调整后的考试内容。)

7、2002年上、下半年的具体考试日期如何安排?

    2002年上半年考试日期为4月6日(即4月第一个星期六)上午(笔试),上机考试从笔试的当天下午天开始,共进行5天,由考点具体安排。2002年下半年考试日期为9月21日(即9月倒数第二个星期六)上午(笔试),上机考试时间从笔试的当天下午开始,共进行5天,由考点具体安排。

8、从2002年下半年起,全国计算机等级考试科目设置有何变化?

    一级:停考一级(DOS环境)和一级B(DOS环境),修订原一级(WINDOWS环境)内容(增加EXCEL、POWERPOINT、INTERNET考核内容,删除FOXPRO2.5B有关内容),保留一级B(WINDOWS环境)。因一级(DOS环境)停考,新大纲和新教材已将一级(WINDOWS环境)改称为一级。

    二级:停考PASCAL语言程序设计,新增面向对象的VISUAL BASIC语言程序设计、VISUAL FOXPRO程序设计,保留QBASIC语言程序设计、FORTRAN语言程序设计、C语言程序设计、FOXBASE程序设计。

    三级:把原来的三级A、B类重新划分为:PC 技术、信息管理技术、网络技术、数据库技术四个类别。

    四级:未作调整。

9、考试的内容、命题情况如何?

    该考试的考试内容在教育部考试中心编写的《全国计算机等级考试大纲》中有明确规定(一级BWINDOWS版考试大纲收录在《全国计算机等级考试一级B教程(Windows环境)》教材中)。该考试全国统一命题,教育部考试中心负责该考试的命题组织工作。

10、什么人可以报名参加考试?

    考生年龄、职业、学历不限,不论在职人员、待业人员,均可根据自身学习和使用计算机的实际情况,选考不同等级的考试,但一次只能报考一个等级(类别)。

11、如何报名?其中涉及笔试或上机单项成绩合格的情形有何规定?

    每次考试报名的具体时间由各省(自治区、直辖市)级承办机构规定。

    考生一次只能报考一个等级报考,如果该等级中有不同类别的,只能选报其中一种。

    考生可携带身份证到就近考点报名。没有身份证的未成年人,可凭户口本,现役军人凭军人身份证件报名。

    上次考试笔试和上机考试仅其中一项成绩合格的,下次考试报名时应出具上次考试成绩单,成绩合格项可以免考,只参加未通过项的考试。考试结束后,由当地省级承办机构负责核实。其中补考科目不在上次考试所在省市进行的,需自行联系原考试所在省级承办机构开据《全国计算机等级考试考生保留成绩转移单》,并加盖全国计算机等级考试成绩专用章,方为有效。

    有2002年上半年保留成绩的考生,在下半年报考时注意以下事项:

    一级考生:愿意报考新的一级的,其保留成绩继续有效,考试合格者将发新版一级证书;

    二级考生:PASCAL语言程序设计因在上半年过度期工作安排,不存在保留成绩问题;FORTRAN语言程序设计因开考时间变为每年上半年考试,保留成绩自动延长到2003年上半年。

    三级考生:(1)保留三级A上机成绩的,限补考三级PC技术笔试;(2)保留三级A笔试成绩的,限补考三级PC技术上机考试(汇编语言);(3)保留三级B上机成绩的,限补考三级信息管理技术、三级网络技术、三级数据库技术中的任何一个科目的笔试;(4)保留三级B笔试成绩,限补考三级信息管理技术等科目的上机考试(C语言)。

12、考生报名时如何缴纳报名考试费?

    考试报名时考生应缴纳相应的报名考试费,具体数额由各省(自治区、直辖市)考试承办机构根据考试需要和当地物价水平确定,并报当地物价部门核准。上次考试仅其中一项考试成绩合格的考生,本次考试报名时只需缴纳未通过项考试的报名考试费。考点不得擅自加收费用。

13、考生是否必须通过第一(二、三)级,才能报考第二(三、四)级考试?

    没有规定考生必须通过第一(二、三)级才能报考第二(三、四)级,考生可根据自己的实际情况选考不同的等级,但一次考试只能报考一个等级。考生一次考试只能在一个考点报名。

14、考生是否必须通过考前培训才能报名参加考试?

    考生可以不参加考前培训,直接报名参加考试。

15、该考试成绩如何确定,考试合格有无相应证书?

    该考试笔试、上机考试实行百分制计分,以等第分数通知考生成绩。等第分数分不及格、及格、良好、优秀四等。笔试和上机考试成绩均在及格以上者,可以获得合格证书,笔试和上机考试成绩均优秀者,合格证书上注明“优秀”字样。

    全国计算机等级考试合格证书式样按国际通行证书式样设计,用中、英两种文字书写,证书编号全国统一,证书上印有持有人身份证号码。该证书全国通用,是持有人计算机应用能力的证明,也可供用人部门录用和考核工作人员时参考。

16、证书遗失、损坏后可以补办吗?

    由于非考试机构原因将证书遗失、损坏等要求补办、更换证书,一律不予补办、更换。证书遗失、损坏的可由承办机构根据有关文件规定开据《全国计算机等级考试合格证明》,并加盖省级承办机构公章有效。

17、有没有统一的考试大纲和辅导教材,如何购买?

    教育部考试中心于1998年制订的新《考试大纲》(高等教育出版社出版)具体规定1999年起各等级考试的具体要求和内容范围,是命题的依据。此外,为了帮助考生复习应考,教育部考试中心还组织专家编写了全国计算机等级考试系列用书(考试教程),其中一级由南开大学出版社出版,其他级别由高等教育出版社出版。该大纲适用时限至2002年上半年,考生可根据实际情况购买。

    从2002年下半年起全国统一按新大纲施行考试,新大纲在2002年上半年考试结束后出版发行。新大纲和教材书目请参见全国计算机等级考试教材名称及出版社